New publication out: Crowding out or in, and for whom?

posted Aug 4, 2017, 7:53 AM by Heejung Chung   [ updated Aug 4, 2017, 7:56 AM ]

A new publication, as a part of the ESRC funded Work, Autonomy, Flexibility and Work-life balance project out!

Chung, H. (2017/forthcoming) National-level family policies and workers' access to schedule control in a European comparative perspective: Crowding out or in, and for whom? Journal of Comparative Policy Analysis/ Special Issue on Methodological challenges for comparative welfare state research. 

From a forthcoming Special Issue on ‘Methodological challenges for comparative welfare state research: capturing intra-country variation in cross-national analyses’, with guest editors Rossella Ciccia and Jana Javornik

National-Level Family Policies and workers’ Access to Schedule Control in a European Comparative Perspective: Crowding Out or In, and for Whom?

Pages 1-22 | Received 01 Oct 2016, Accepted 24 Jun 2017, Published online: 04 Aug 2017


    This paper examines national-level family policies in a comparative perspective, to see whether they “crowd out” company-level family-friendly policies, namely schedule control. Further, it examines whether this relationship varies for different types of family policies, and for different groups of workers – i.e. distinguished by gender, parenthood status and skill divisions. The paper uses data from 27 European countries in 2010, and applies multilevel random slopes models with cross-level interaction terms. Results show that generous national-level family policies, in particular work-facilitating policies, “crowd in” company-level schedule control provisions, especially for high-skilled workers. However, very generous leave entitlements seem to crowd out schedule control provision.

New book: After Austerity - Oxford University Press

posted Jul 18, 2017, 5:23 AM by Heejung Chung   [ updated Jul 18, 2017, 5:24 AM ]

Our book is now available online with Google Books, and is available to order from Oxford University Press.



This item is not yet published, but may be pre-ordered now for delivery when available.

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Published: 10 August 2017 (Estimated)

256 Pages


ISBN: 9780198790266

Also Available As:


Bookseller Code (AE)

Cover for   After Austerity

After Austerity

Welfare State Transformation in Europe after the Great Recession

Edited by Peter Taylor-GoobyBenjamin Leruth, and Heejung Chung

  • Provides essential material to help understand a rapidly changing field
  • Provides a multidisciplinary approach
  • Features contributions from leading figures
  • Features analysis and considerations for future scenarios

Promotion to Reader

posted Jun 9, 2017, 7:27 AM by Heejung Chung

I've just heard news that I will be promoted to Reader this coming autumn. Many thanks for everyone's support in this!

Work Autonomy, Flexibility and Work-life balance final conference registration open!

posted Mar 9, 2017, 8:36 AM by Heejung Chung   [ updated Apr 4, 2017, 6:01 AM ]

Academic Conference: Flexible working a way of the future? 

22nd of May, 2017, New Academic Building, London School of Economics, London

This workshop brings internationally renowned scholars from across different disciplines – e.g., economics, sociology, business, organisational studies – and across the world – such as the US, the Netherlands, Germany and the UK, to discuss key emerging themes surrounding flexible working.


Policy Conference - Flexible Working: Time for a Reflection?

23rd of May, 2017, New Academic Building, London School of Economics, London

This workshop is the final dissemination conference of the WAF project where the access to and outcomes of flexible working has been examined using UK and European data. There will be a launch of the final report from the project, alongside three round table discussions focusing on some of the key areas surrounding flexible working and its outcomes.

New Publication: European Parents' attitude towards public childcare provision

posted Nov 15, 2016, 9:02 AM by Heejung Chung   [ updated Nov 15, 2016, 9:04 AM ]

European Parents' attitude towards public childcare provision

Authors: Heejung Chung (University of Kent) & Bart Meuleman (University of Leuven)

European Societies  

First published online : 20th of October 2016

New Publication: Gender Discrepancies in the Outcomes of Schedule Control on Overtime Hours and Income in Germany

posted Sep 13, 2016, 2:22 AM by Heejung Chung   [ updated Sep 13, 2016, 2:22 AM ]

Gender Discrepancies in the Outcomes of Schedule Control on Overtime Hours and Income in Germany

European Sociological Review (2016)

doi: 10.1093/esr/jcw032
First published online: August 17, 2016
  1. This article is Open Access
  2. » AbstractFree
  3. Full Text (HTML)Free
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  5. Supplementary Data


Schedule control can have both positive—e.g., increased income—and negative outcomes—e.g., increased overtime. Here our core interest is whether there are gender discrepancies in these outcomes. Given the different ways in which schedule control can be used, and perceived to be used by men and women, their outcomes are also expected to be different. This is examined using the German Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP) (2003–2011), and panel regression models. The results show that schedule control is associated with increases in overtime and income—but only for men. Women in full-time positions also increase their overtime hours when using schedule control; yet, they do not receive similar financial rewards. The results of this study provide evidence to show that increases in schedule control has the potential to traditionalize gender roles by increasing mainly men’s working hours, while also adding to the gender pay gap.


This paper has received quite a lot of media attention: see media for more.

New Policy Press Book Series: Research in Comparative & Global Social Policy

posted Jul 7, 2016, 7:40 AM by Heejung Chung

New Series from Policy Press: Research in Comparative and Global Social Policy
View this email in your browser
Series Editors: Heejung Chung, University of Kent, UK
Alexandra Kaasch, University of Bielefeld, Germany and 
Stefan Kühner, Lingnan University, Hong Kong
“Edited by excellent scholars, this book series is a timely attempt to create an interdisciplinary and truly global dialog between academic researchers and international organizations involved in social policy.” Daniel Béland, Canada Research Chair in Public Policy and Professor, Johnson-Shoyama Graduate School of Public Policy

“Global goals and supranational agreements increasingly shape domestic social policies: this welcome series promises in-depth country and comparative analyses that should stimulate critical reflection and provide much-needed evidence to inform national and trans-national policy choices.” Sarah Cook, Director, UNICEF Office of Research – Innocenti Research Centre 
Policy Press is delighted to announce a new series on Research in Comparative and Global Social Policy 

In a world that is rapidly changing, increasingly connected and uncertain, there is a need to develop a shared applied policy analysis of welfare regimes. Through a unique combination of comparative and global social perspectives, books in this series will address broad questions around how nation states and transnational policy actors deal with globally shared challenges.

Seeking to provide evidence based good practice to aid in shaping future social policies and cross the bridge between academic research and research developed in and by international organisations, this series will be of interest to academics and students in a wide range of disciplines and subject areas as well as staff of international organisations and other individuals involved in the processes of supranational and global social policy making. For more details please go to the Research in Comparative and Global social Policy page on the
Call for book proposals
Proposals are invited for books that include one or a range of the following: country case studies within a multi-level governance/scales frame; small, medium and large_N comparative studies that analyse social policy development and change, and global social policy studies that address various fields of social policy in their transnational or global dimensions.

We particularly encourage original authored monographs based on cross-disciplinary and multi-method research that develops theoretical frameworks reaching across individual world-regions and global actors.

Contact regarding proposals
If you would like to submit a proposal, or to discuss ideas, then please contact the series editors: 
Heejung Chung, University of Kent, UK (
Stefan Kühner, Lingnan University, Hong Kong (
Alexandra Kaasch, University of Bielefeld, Germany  (
Laura Vickers, Series Commissioning Editor, Policy Press (

Think Kent video on Flexible Working

posted Dec 14, 2015, 7:40 AM by Heejung Chung   [ updated Dec 14, 2015, 7:41 AM ]

The way we work has changed considerably in recent years with an increasing number of people gaining access to flexible working and more control over their work schedules. But in reality, has such flexibility given employees more freedom and autonomy?

Dr Heejung Chung from the University of Kent explores the benefits of flexible working and the potential negative effects it can have for workers, especially in the context of increased competition, high unemployment and the decline of worker and union power.

Think Kent Video: Flexible Working the way of the future?

PhD Scholarships at Kent 2016

posted Nov 4, 2015, 2:32 AM by Heejung Chung   [ updated Nov 19, 2015, 6:00 AM ]

Several PhDs Scholarships are available at SSPSSR at the University of Kent. These include University 50th anniversary and SSPSSR school scholarships and the South-East DTC scholarships.

These all cover tuition fees at the postgraduate standard home/EU rate (£4,052) in addition to an annual maintenance stipend which is  £14,057 per annum (2016-2017 rate).Successful candidates will have obtained a 1st or good 2-1 undergraduate degree, and ordinarily an MA or MSC at Merit or Distinction level. The school and 50 anniversary scholarships include as part of their value a Graduate Teaching Assistantship which involves undertaking a limited amount of teaching. ESRC studentships do not entail any teaching and will have a extra funding for mobility and training.

As a part of the SSPSSR scholarship, we have a quants scholarship available to students applying quantitative methods in their projects. These students will have an extra £3000 to undertake advanced training in quantitative methods.

Deadline for submission is the 31st of January - although students are strongly encouraged to contact potential supervisors before the end of December. Click here for more.

Those of you who wish to pursue a PhD under my supervision here at the University of Kent can contact me to discuss your PhD proposals by early January at the very latest

NOTE:  I only take one or maybe two additional PhD students per year, and will give priority to those working with quantitative data in the field of comparative labour market and welfare state research.  *for more information about the current PhD students look under teaching.

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